Moerdijk’s splendid masterpiece comprises a design of an altar in
African style with pure African motifs for decoration and theme. His
ideas sprouted from the stone enclosures of the Karanga people of
These people built
enclosures from granite rock around the residences of their chiefs
in a style that blended with the vastness of Africa. The leading
decorative motif of the chevron pattern on the Imba Hura (great
enclosure) was built into the façade of the monument.
Monument is a 40 metre high square structure and is perceived by
some as having characteristics of the Völkerschlacht-Denkmal, in
Leipzig, Germany. It took 11 years to build (1938-1949) and stands on
a hill a few kilometres to the south west of Pretoria city centre.
forms part of a nature reserve hosting some antelope and the garden
has a good selection of indigenous plants.
busts of Trekker leaders Piet Retief, Andries Pretorius and Hendrik
Potgieter as well as an anonymous symbolical leader is placed on the
four corners of the monument.